Human beings have expressed creativity in more ways than one in every civilization. Different techniques of expressions were used, many being unique to their cultures. How we did this throughout our existence is called art. Art is described as the result of human expression through skill, creativity, innovation, and imagination. Every aspect of art is equally important as it culminates into incredible works, most of the time.
Art produced by certain people at a certain time is informed by many factors. These factors are the place, culture, materials used, beliefs, and time in history. Time is significant as the artwork is generally classified in time periods. From ancient art to contemporary artwork, art pieces have found themselves a place. Old works have found a place for themselves in museums, churches, and temples. This is only right because of their strong relevance to these places.
Museums use ancient art to research forgotten cultures, while temples may use them for religious and cultural purposes. This goes for churches, too, with a perfect example being the Sistine Chapel. Paintings dated to nearly half a millennium ago can still be found there. The most famous ones there are the Sistine Chapel ceiling paintings.
Modern art or otherwise known as contemporary art is commonplace in today’s art scene. It is continually evolving with every waking minute thanks to the new artistic techniques being introduced. Modern or contemporary art strongly relies on everything about it being new and experimental. In its definition, modern art is artistic work ranging from the 1800s to the 1970s. During this period, old traditional forms of art were thrown out to make way for the new style. Generally, modern art is attributed to progressiveness, emphasis on style and technique, not to mention abstract elements, among others.
To understand modern art, you have to go back to learn how it first came up. The first trace of modernism in art was in the late 1800s. Artists of the time began to reject the ancient religious elements that had flooded the art world. Rather than paint mythological beings in unrealistic settings, largely realistic paintings started to show up. The pieces involved themes from real life, such as people and their families. Portraits of aristocrats became very popular as more people warmed up to realism. The most famous realistic portrait is the Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci.
A new take on modern art sprung in 1887 with the inception of post Impressionism. In this style, artists expressed their emotions through their work. The use of simpler and more definitive colors prevailed during this era. Fauve painters came soon after post Impressionism in the early 20th century. Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch painter who flourished in both fauvism and post Impressionism. Henri Matisse is the best fauvist painter, as his world-famous paintings can attest to that. The 20th century went on to become a hub of modern art following the creations below.
Abstraction in art became even more prominent with the birth of cubism. Pablo Picasso is well known for his work using this technique. He communicated his views on various subjects with these fragmented figures to create his masterpieces. Georges Braque is also credited for having pioneered cubism using geometrical shapes. “The women of Venice” is a fan-favorite work by Pablo that incorporates intricate cubism styles. Constructivism, Dada, and Destijl techniques came after for their own respective reasons. Interestingly enough, the dada style of modern art was created in Switzerland some time after the world war to visualize war trauma.
Recently, modern art has revolved around the themes of abstract expressionism, surrealism, and minimalism. Unlike past times, contemporary art is not only in the form of paintings. Sculpting, photography, videography, digital media, murals, and tattoos are all the new ways art can be actualized. Digital art uses a mix of all mentioned and unmentioned artistic components to prepare something for their galleries.
Futurism is used most commonly by photographers to create digital visualization of what the future could look like. Art is also viewed via a variety of media today other than being made. Some artists release work on digital galleries and social media pages for display. Any art made today using related principles of contemporary art really makes it modern.